Job Safety Analysis and Risk Management
If you work for a construction or heavy industry projects, then you are at risk of injury in your job. Although one cannot totally remove risks, using standard procedures and good work practices can help reduce and control risk. Some people can accept that risk is a normal part of doing a job. The question is how much risk you are willing to accept.
There will always be risks every day, whatever task we do. When we speak of risk, it is the probability that something goes wrong and the severity of the outcome. We are faced each day with the reality of risks and how much we are willing to accept. But some do not really understand that risk and their willingness to accept it.
Risk is first accepted at the organization level and it is forced down to the local level. It is usually the function of the management to control risks and in order to help understand risk and keep it in an acceptance level, good tools must be used. Job Safety Analysis is one tool commonly used today.
The control of risk at the lowest management level is done by the people doing the work and their immediate supervisor. Those who need to be involved in both the planning and execution of the tasks should be given enough opportunity to be involved and be kept informed of the developments that might increase the risks and change the measures needed to deal with them.
Workers can easily spot hazards. Very seldom will a worker talk about the hazards that he has seen. When incidents are investigated, most workers in the area know about the hazards. Most workers think hazards are normal and they think that risks are acceptable. Employees should get involved in order to help managers reduce risk.
With the goal of establishing a common level of risk tolerance among the team members, this process can be affected by several things. When doing work area risk assessment and communication of local hazards the judgment and decisions of the supervisory staff and employees are the most critical part.
The fact that different people perceive risk and level of risk tolerance in different ways makes it difficult to communicate risk on a construction site. You can use the job safety analysis tool to improve and document the communication process and ensure mutual understanding of risks and controls by all the people involved.
In the heavy industry, job safety analysis is important in the risk management process. This management tools help reduce the level of risk to the lowest possible acceptance level by making all the members of a team to interact and develop a common understanding of the task, procedures, and hazards of the job.